Comparative Policing from a Legal Perspective
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Comparative Policing from a Legal Perspective

Edited by Monica den Boer

Public police forces are a regular phenomenon in most jurisdictions around the world, yet their highly divergent legal context draws surprisingly little attention. Bringing together a wide range of police experts from all around the world, this book provides an overview of traditional and emerging fields of public policing, New material and findings are presented with an international-comparative perspective, it is a must-read for students of policing, security and law and professionals in related fields.
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Chapter 6: Intelligence-led policing: comparing national approaches to its regulation and control

Adrian James

Abstract

Intelligence-led policing is increasingly regarded as a pragmatic reality, based on the assumption that pro-active investigation and disruption of criminal activities is more effective than a reactive model of policing. Meanwhile, as intelligence-led policing is spread across many jurisdictions, supported and transferred by institutional vehicles like Interpol and Europol, one could argue that public policing is the subject of a thorough reconfiguration, leading to profound normative questions concerning legitimacy and citizens’ rights. In most liberal democracies, legal rules confine the limits within which intelligence-led policing can be conducted. Interception of telecommunication, the use of surveillance devices and the employment of informers all belong to a growing repertory of intelligence-based policing activities. Increasingly, intelligence-led policing is applied in the context of ordinary policing tasks, making accountability, transparency and procedural rights increasingly relevant in a wide situational variety.

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