Comparative Policing from a Legal Perspective
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Comparative Policing from a Legal Perspective

Edited by Monica den Boer

Public police forces are a regular phenomenon in most jurisdictions around the world, yet their highly divergent legal context draws surprisingly little attention. Bringing together a wide range of police experts from all around the world, this book provides an overview of traditional and emerging fields of public policing, New material and findings are presented with an international-comparative perspective, it is a must-read for students of policing, security and law and professionals in related fields.
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Chapter 11: Policing virtual spaces: public and private online challenges in a legal perspective

Tine Munk


This chapter investigates and explains the online legislative framework and policing practices developed to manage virtual spaces. The global internet infrastructure is complex: no single actor can manage it on its own. Cyberspace requires a pluralistic approach to monitoring, detecting, and investigating online crime in virtual spaces. The challenges for policing derive from the extra-territorial character of the virtual world without the fixed jurisdictional boundaries that normally apply to legal or illegal online activities, similar to the rules and regulations to control real-time crimes. The author argues that there is a pressing need for developing a universal treaty - a new global cybercrime Convention - to update and harmonize the criminalization of online offences. As the role of private investigators in cyberspace is becoming more prominent, public and private police need to improve their mutual communication, and pool their resources in joint operations to manage the misuse of cyberspace. Hence, private actors need to be involved in creating a new Convention as they play a significant role in policing crimes on the Internet.

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