Comparative Policing from a Legal Perspective
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Comparative Policing from a Legal Perspective

Edited by Monica den Boer

Public police forces are a regular phenomenon in most jurisdictions around the world, yet their highly divergent legal context draws surprisingly little attention. Bringing together a wide range of police experts from all around the world, this book provides an overview of traditional and emerging fields of public policing, New material and findings are presented with an international-comparative perspective, it is a must-read for students of policing, security and law and professionals in related fields.
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Chapter 16: Legal perspectives on the growing militarization of domestic security and policing

Michael Head


In the past two decades, there have been trends concerning the domestic role of the military, including police-military collaboration as well as the mobilization of armed forces. According to the author, this raises the prospect of conflicts. Moreover, military powers such as the use of lethal force may endanger fundamental civil and democratic rights and they may collide with civil policing powers. While using examples from different jurisdictions, the author observes that under the guise of combatting terrorism, organized crime or refugee influxes, troops have been deployed in public areas in contemporary democratic countries. Moreover, there is an underlying turn in Western countries, toward establishing greater powers to deploy the armed forces for domestic and political purposes. The author reaches a stark conclusion, namely that ‘(G)enuine democracy is impossible, and freedom of political opinion and communication a chimera, unless members of society are free from the fear of mobilization of the armed forces against dissent and discontent.’s.

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