Water Resource Management and the Law
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Water Resource Management and the Law

Edited by Erkki J. Hollo

Scarcity of water, floods and erosion caused by climate change have made the management of water resources a challenge to national and international actors worldwide. States have also initiated water projects to improve social welfare, often with significant impacts on the environment. This book combines close analysis of the legal structures of water rights with consideration of the modes of water management projects to illustrate current water-related problems in terms of practical solutions in a global context.
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Chapter 6: Towards a sustainable, balanced and equitable allocation of water use rights

Liping Dai, Marleen van Rijswick and Bram Schmidt

Abstract

In times of increasing water scarcity, growing populations and economic development, the allocation of water use rights becomes an issue that needs further discussion. Transparent allocation of water rights is crucial to a sustainable, balanced and equitable use of water; to guarantee the right to water; and to contribute to the achievement of the United Nations’ sustainable development goals. We discuss the allocation of water use rights at the international, regional and national levels from a comparative perspective. At the national level, we make a comparison of water allocation in Indonesia, Kenya, The Netherlands and China. All countries show a development towards more sustainable and equitable water use as well as a more balanced and equitable allocation of water use rights. Improving participation and a mix of policy instruments enables a transparent balancing of interests. Allocation policies seem to be a step to which all countries should give more attention. Keywords: Chapter 6 (Dai and others): Allocation of water rights, UN Watercourses Convention, conflict resolution, stakeholder involvement, river basin, Indonesia (Brantas basin), water allocation

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