Handbook of Globalisation and Tourism
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Handbook of Globalisation and Tourism

Edited by Dallen J. Timothy

Globalization entails the world becoming a smaller place through political, socio-cultural and economic processes. These processes have salient implications for tourism, and tourism itself is one of the driving forces behind globalization. This book is a collection of conceptual treatises by international scholars about the dynamics and reach of globalization and its relationships with tourism. It anatomizes and deconstructs the global forces, processes and challenges that face the world of tourism. It is international in scope, encyclopedic in its conceptual depth, empirically evocative, and contemporary in its coverage.
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Chapter 4: Globalisation, place-based development, and tourism

Christian M. Rogerson

Abstract

One accompaniment of globalization has been changes in development planning and a shift towards the growth of local or place-based development strategies initiated by sub-national tiers of government. With the demise of traditional manufacturing in many parts of the global North, the sector of tourism emerges as a critical driver for reconstructing local (and regional) economies. Arguably, for many localities place-based programmatic interventions using tourism as economic driver are a necessary and appropriate response to the territorial challenges produced by the uncertainties engendered by globalization processes. This chapter analyses the strengthening nexus of tourism and place-based local economic development planning within the overarching framework of globalization. In the global North the rise of tourism-led LED is manifest in the planning of new inner-city leisure spaces, waterfront developments, festival market places, casinos, museums, conference centres and sports stadia as physical manifestations of place-based economic development initiatives occasioned by globalization impacts. Tourism has also been a driver for place-based development outside of cities in rural spaces often impacted by the demise of traditional economic bases anchored on agriculture or mining. The impress of globalisation is equally in evidence in the global South with the growth of tourism-led place-based initiatives for development particularly in South Africa.

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