Edited by Dallen J. Timothy
Chapter 9: Supranationalism and tourism: free trade, customs unions, and single markets in an era of geopolitical change
Supranationalism is becoming more commonplace throughout the world, and almost every country on earth belongs to a supranational trading bloc. Supranationalism entails independent nation states giving up a degree of their sovereignty to participate in a multi-nation alliance the governs certain phenomena for the entire bloc, including for the individual states. We have seen many such regional alliances develop since WWII, with the European Union becoming the most thoroughly integrated. Trade blocs, customs unions and single markets are examples of supranationalism, all of which have major bearings on the growth and development of tourism through their policies of cross-border development, a unified currency and economic, supranational citizenship and free cross-border movement of people and goods, military cooperation for security, environmental protect, and infrastructure development. Several examples throughout the world are examined in this chapter in how supranationalism governance applies to tourism and its role in the globalization process.
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