Handbook of Globalisation and Tourism
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Handbook of Globalisation and Tourism

Edited by Dallen J. Timothy

Globalization entails the world becoming a smaller place through political, socio-cultural and economic processes. These processes have salient implications for tourism, and tourism itself is one of the driving forces behind globalization. This book is a collection of conceptual treatises by international scholars about the dynamics and reach of globalization and its relationships with tourism. It anatomizes and deconstructs the global forces, processes and challenges that face the world of tourism. It is international in scope, encyclopedic in its conceptual depth, empirically evocative, and contemporary in its coverage.
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Chapter 17: Globalisation, tourism, and ecosystems management

Joseph E. Mbaiwa, Patricia K. Mogomotsi, Tsholofelo Mbaiwa and Gladys B. Siphambe

Abstract

After World War II in 1945, the travel industry expanded into various parts of the world. Globalisation, tourism and ecosystems management became synonymous concepts. This chapter, therefore, analyses the drivers and outcomes of globalisation on tourism development and ecosystem management. The chapter argues that the growth in technology, information and transportation increased the travel industry hence making the world a one global village. Ecosystems services are tourism products and hence attract international tourism and trade. Large multinational tourism corporations operate tourism businesses across the world. They operate the airline industry, hotel chains and resorts and related businesses in tourism destinations. Developing countries are known for nature-based tourism and international tourism trade has expanded tremendously in these destinations. The rapid growth of tourism poses threats to the environment, social and international relations. It is from this background that the drivers and outcomes of globalisation on tourism development and ecosystem management needs to be analysed. Sustainability in tourism development and ecosystem management needs to be achieved as the tourism industry is undergoing the globalisation process.

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