Edited by Dallen J. Timothy
Chapter 23: Religion, spirituality, and pilgrimage in a globalising world
Through the expansion of transportation and communications systems, globalization has led to the creation of new and invented religious and spiritual landscapes by immigrant groups and who commodify and appropriate these landscapes and aspects of religious material culture for profit. There has also been an substantial increase in visitors to religious sites. This chapter focuses on the influence of modern globalization on aspects of culture as it relates to religion, spirituality, and pilgrimage. Because these terms are highly contested and malleable, their definitions are examined, followed by a focus on three ways in which globalization has has influenced these practices and mobilities. More particularly, emphasis is placed on the diasporic transplanting of religious and spiritual traditions, the effects of the democratization of travel on sacred site management, and the commodification and hybridization of religion and spirituality.
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