Handbook on Urban Development in China
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Handbook on Urban Development in China

Edited by Ray Yep, June Wang and Thomas Johnson

The trajectory and logic of urban development in post-Mao China have been shaped and defined by the contention between domestic and global capital, central and local state and social actors of different class status and endowment. This urban transformation process of historic proportion entails new rules for distribution and negotiation, novel perceptions of citizenship, as well as room for unprecedented spontaneity and creativity. Based on original research by leading experts, this book offers an updated and nuanced analysis of the new logic of urban governance and its implications.
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Chapter 15: Gated villages: community governance and social control in peri-urban China

Karita Kan and Rebecca W. Y. Wong

Abstract

The rise in rural-urban migration following the post-Mao relaxation of internal migration rules has led to the growth of migrant villages in major Chinese cities. This study examines how migrant villages in Beijing are framed as spaces of disorder and criminality in policy and planning discourses, and how such representations have legitimized the increased securitization of neighbourhoods at the rural-urban grassroots. The Beijing government initiated a campaign of “enclosed management” (fengbishi guanli) in the early 2010s which involved the gating of urban villages. This initiative evolved into the introduction of “community-style management” (shequhua guanli) which represented the further institutionalization of grassroots governance. On the ground, these policies have produced mixed reactions from residents and citizens. This study examines both state discourses and strategies and the popular contestations that have arisen from neighbourhood securitization.

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