Edited by Ray Yep, June Wang and Thomas Johnson
Chapter 15: Gated villages: community governance and social control in peri-urban China
The rise in rural-urban migration following the post-Mao relaxation of internal migration rules has led to the growth of migrant villages in major Chinese cities. This study examines how migrant villages in Beijing are framed as spaces of disorder and criminality in policy and planning discourses, and how such representations have legitimized the increased securitization of neighbourhoods at the rural-urban grassroots. The Beijing government initiated a campaign of “enclosed management” (fengbishi guanli) in the early 2010s which involved the gating of urban villages. This initiative evolved into the introduction of “community-style management” (shequhua guanli) which represented the further institutionalization of grassroots governance. On the ground, these policies have produced mixed reactions from residents and citizens. This study examines both state discourses and strategies and the popular contestations that have arisen from neighbourhood securitization.
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