Edited by Ray Yep, June Wang and Thomas Johnson
Chapter 17: Transferring land developmental rights across the urban-rural divide: common practice and the Chongqing exception
There are a lot of creativity of rural communities in securing a fair share of their entitlement to the wealth created in the urbanization process and the consequent scramble for land. One of the latest major policy innovations in this area is the exchange of construction land quotas across the urban-rural divide. Exploring the possibility inherent in the national policy of integrated urban-rural development (chengxiang tongchou), the scheme shuffles the construction land quotas (jianshe yongdi zhibiao) between the two sectors and converts these licenses for development into marketable financial assets. It enables the rural community to stake a larger claim to the wealth created by the urbanization process than the conventional arrangements. Its long-term impact on Chinese peasantry is however not entirely positive and the spatial reordering of rural China may have significant consequence on rural governance as well.
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