Air Transport Liberalization
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Air Transport Liberalization

A Critical Assessment

Edited by Matthias Finger and Kenneth Button

This groundbreaking book offers a critical and wide-ranging assessment of the global air transport liberalization process over the past 40 years. This compilation of world experts on air transport economics, policy, and regulation is timely and significant, considering that air transport is currently facing a series of new challenges due to technological changes, the emergence of new markets, and increased security concerns.
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Chapter 10: Air transport in Africa

Gianmaria Martini and Davide Scotti

Abstract

This chapter analyses the evolution of the African airline industry by looking at the main policies that have been adopted, trends in the various airline markets within and without Africa between 1997 and 2013 and changes in the airline industry in the near future as it confronts continuing institutional challenges. Despite the growth in traffic in both intra-African and intercontinental flows and the increases in both the number of airlines and the level of competition, air transportation in Africa is still suffering from some long-standing weaknesses, including a lack of interconnectivity, an unbalanced traffic distribution, higher (compared to the rest of the world) fares and airline costs, and sparse demand. In sum, the market for air services in Africa is, overall, clearly healthier than in the past but, with a few notable exceptions, still lacks the capacity and service levels found in most other parts of the world.

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