Air Transport Liberalization
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Air Transport Liberalization

A Critical Assessment

Edited by Matthias Finger and Kenneth Button

This groundbreaking book offers a critical and wide-ranging assessment of the global air transport liberalization process over the past 40 years. This compilation of world experts on air transport economics, policy, and regulation is timely and significant, considering that air transport is currently facing a series of new challenges due to technological changes, the emergence of new markets, and increased security concerns.
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Chapter 18: Canada and USA: a tale of two ANSPs

Rui Neiva


While liberalization has made great strides in both airlines and airports, the third, critical, component of the air transportation system still lags behind: air navigation services, and the entities that supply them, the air navigation service providers. Still, since New Zealand first started experimenting with commercialization in 1987, the air navigation services industry around the world has evolved tremendously. From being traditionally provided by the government or the military, air navigation service providers now come in a variety of institutional arrangements, including government corporations, non-profit private entities and public–private partnerships. This chapter explores those changes and their impacts, with a focus on two case studies in North America: the US and Canada. These are two interesting contrasting ANSPs: one that underwent institutional reform (Canada) and one that did not (US).

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