Research Handbook on Climate Change Adaptation Policy
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Research Handbook on Climate Change Adaptation Policy

Edited by E. C.H. Keskitalo and B. L. Preston

This topical and engaging Research Handbook illustrates the variety of research approaches in the field of climate change adaptation policy in order to provide a guide to its social and institutional complexity.
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Chapter 10: The emergence and institutionalization of nation adaptation strategies

Alexandra Jurgilevich, Fanny Groundstroem, Johannes Klein, Aleksi Räsänen and Sirkku Juhola


This chapter discusses the emergence of national adaptation policy in the developed world. It presents findings from empirical studies that have examined the development of national-level strategies and focuses on understanding the process of institutionalization and implementation of national adaptation, particularly in the context of vertical governance. Studies so far have shown that local authorities need support and guidance from the national level, and national adaptation strategies and climate change-related legislation can be key in adaptation action. While the drivers and enablers of adaptation policy implementation and institutionalization are both internal and external, the barriers are mainly internal. The chapter also discusses the content of national strategies and how they also need to take into account the indirect impacts of climate change, and addresses the emerging issue of monitoring and evaluation of national adaptation. Finally, in-depth comparative case studies are needed to further elaborate on the processes of institutionalization of national-level adaptation and to understand the links between institutionalisation and implementation progress.

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