Entrepreneurship, Universities  &  Resources
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Entrepreneurship, Universities & Resources

Frontiers in European Entrepreneurship Research

Edited by Ulla Hytti, Robert Blackburn, Denise Fletcher and Friederike Welter

The role of resources is pivotal in entrepreneurship for the success of new and small ventures, though most face resource constraints. The book offers multiple perspectives on analysing and understanding the importance of resources in entrepreneurship development. Approaching the subject with both a practice-theory and research-based approach, the contributors analyse topics such as processes and structures in social entrepreneuring; entrepreneurship and equity in crowdfunding; and forming alliances with large firms to overcome resource constraints. The contributors provide evidence, for example, on how business angels can contribute more than finance to small ventures and how the flexibility of resources is important in internationalisation.
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Chapter 2: Exploring processes and structures in social entrepreneuring: a practice-theory approach

Bengt Johannisson, Jan Alpenberg and Pär Strandberg


There is an increasing gap between the contemporary academic and political concern for social enterprising and available theoretical and empirical research in the field. This study makes a contribution by outlining a conceptual framework for social entrepreneuring based on a practice-theory approach. Adopting an interactive in-depth inquiry into the everyday operations of two social enterprises that are interconnected in an emerging franchise structure, we disclose structural and processual practices constituting social entrepreneuring. Using a weaving metaphor the proposed three structural practices, presented as dualities, appear as the ‘warp’ while the six processual practices that are identified make the ‘weft’. Major findings include the observation that entrepreneurial commitment and proposed practices dominate the formal franchisor–franchisee relation and that the potential for social capital mobilization does not reduce the need for financial capital.

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