Entrepreneurship, Universities  &  Resources
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Entrepreneurship, Universities & Resources

Frontiers in European Entrepreneurship Research

Edited by Ulla Hytti, Robert Blackburn, Denise Fletcher and Friederike Welter

The role of resources is pivotal in entrepreneurship for the success of new and small ventures, though most face resource constraints. The book offers multiple perspectives on analysing and understanding the importance of resources in entrepreneurship development. Approaching the subject with both a practice-theory and research-based approach, the contributors analyse topics such as processes and structures in social entrepreneuring; entrepreneurship and equity in crowdfunding; and forming alliances with large firms to overcome resource constraints. The contributors provide evidence, for example, on how business angels can contribute more than finance to small ventures and how the flexibility of resources is important in internationalisation.
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Chapter 7: Evolution of the scientrepreneur? Role identity construction of science-based entrepreneurs in Finland and in Russia

Päivi Karhunen and Irina Olimpieva

Abstract

This chapter examines how the national science system as an institutional context influences role identity modification of science-based entrepreneurs. This is done by analysing biographical interviews with science-based entrepreneurs in two very different contexts: Finland and Russia. The results suggest, first, that the increasing entrepreneurial orientation of the academic world has resulted in the emergence of a new identity, that of the ‘scientrepreneur’. The strategies employed to manage this new role identity aim to bridge its scientific and entrepreneurial dimensions rather than to reconcile the discrepancies between two separate identities. Second, we propose that the speed and character of this evolution might be influenced by the institutional context. In Russia, the transition from socialism to a market economy and the subsequent institutional crises in Russian science forced scientists to become entrepreneurs, which created a temporary tension between the scientific and entrepreneurial aspects of the hybrid role identity.

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