Entrepreneurship, Universities  &  Resources
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Entrepreneurship, Universities & Resources

Frontiers in European Entrepreneurship Research

Edited by Ulla Hytti, Robert Blackburn, Denise Fletcher and Friederike Welter

The role of resources is pivotal in entrepreneurship for the success of new and small ventures, though most face resource constraints. The book offers multiple perspectives on analysing and understanding the importance of resources in entrepreneurship development. Approaching the subject with both a practice-theory and research-based approach, the contributors analyse topics such as processes and structures in social entrepreneuring; entrepreneurship and equity in crowdfunding; and forming alliances with large firms to overcome resource constraints. The contributors provide evidence, for example, on how business angels can contribute more than finance to small ventures and how the flexibility of resources is important in internationalisation.
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Chapter 8: The intention–behaviour link of higher education graduates

Elina Varamäki, Sanna Joensuu-Salo and Anmari Viljamaa


This study offers a longitudinal follow-up for entrepreneurial intentions and intention–behaviour link of higher education students. The specific objectives are: (1) to analyse the link between entrepreneurial intentions, their antecedents and entrepreneurial behaviour (i.e., start-up behaviour) after graduation and (2) to analyse the role of gender and entrepreneurial role models in entrepreneurial behaviour. The data for this study was collected in fall 2013 from the alumni of Seinäjoki University of Applied Sciences in Finland. The measurement of entrepreneurial intentions during studies was tracked for 282 respondents. Results show that entrepreneurial intentions decrease during studies and after graduation. Entrepreneurial intentions do explain entrepreneurial behaviour after graduation, but the role of perceived behavioural control is more important than that of intentions. Gender has significant value in predicting entrepreneurial career choice. The results highlight the importance of individual perspective in entrepreneurship education: different methods and objectives should be designed for different groups

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