The G20 and International Relations Theory
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The G20 and International Relations Theory

Perspectives on Global Summitry

Edited by Steven Slaughter

The future of the G20 is uncertain despite being developed to address the 2008 global financial crisis. This book considers the significance of the G20 by engaging various accounts of International Relations theory to examine the political drivers of this form of global governance. International Relations theory represents an array of perspectives that analyse the factors that drive the G20, how the G20 influences world politics and in what ways the G20 could or should be reformed in the future.
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Chapter 7: A nébuleuse for a new world order? The G20 from a neo-Gramscian perspective

Tom Chodor

Abstract

This chapter presents a neo-Gramscian perspective on the G20, framing it as a nébuleuse: an informal site of socialization where neoliberal social forces seek to construct a new consensus to govern the global economy. This process, the chapter argues, can be understood as a ‘passive revolution,’ responding to the ‘organic crisis’ of the neoliberal world order by incorporating the newly emerging social forces from the Global South and civil society into the ‘international historic bloc,’ to secure their consent for the hegemony of transnational capital. Accordingly, the chapter analyzes the struggles over the construction of this consensus since 2008, and examines the obstacles facing the G20, arguing that its success depends on the ability of the dominant forces to grant concessions to the emerging forces and incorporate their perspectives into the new consensus, and the extent to which it can resolve the issues driving the backlash against the neoliberal world order.

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