Women, Business and Leadership
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Women, Business and Leadership

Gender and Organisations

Edited by Alexander-Stamatios Antoniou, Cary Cooper and Caroline Gatrell

This timely and comprehensive book analyses the role of women in leadership from both managerial and socio-emotional perspectives. The authors review the issues that affect real women in business and evaluate what can be done to support and develop women managers. Chapters explore topics such as the stereotyping of leading women, gender equality and discrimination, the glass ceiling and barriers to promotion, the work/home conflict, the gender pay gap and job insecurity, female authority and career development.
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Chapter 12: Female managers with male-type behavior

Alexander-Stamatios Antoniou and Virginia Aggelou


This chapter focuses on gender stereotypes and how they affect female managers throughout their careers. As is evident from the statistics, the number of female employees has increased and the quality of their work has improved significantly over the last few decades. Nonetheless, there are still barriers to be overcome. Women appear to be underrepresented in higher corporate positions, a phenomenon which appears to be connected to gender and leadership stereotypes. Many theories confirming this connection are mentioned. As a result, women leaders seem to violate the norm, since leadership remains associated with male-type behavior and agentic characteristics, such as aggressiveness. Backlash effects for female managers are often observed, even if they adopt a more masculine style of leadership. Along with gender stereotypes, the “queen bee” syndrome constitutes another reason for preserving the gendered hierarchy, although more research is needed in order to understand its complexity.

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