Research Handbook on Employee Pro-Environmental Behaviour
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Research Handbook on Employee Pro-Environmental Behaviour

Edited by Victoria Wells, Diana Gregory-Smith and Danae Manika

This Research Handbook brings together leading academics of employee pro-environmental behaviour to highlight the key features and challenges of this growing field. The international contributors draw on studies from across the methodological spectrum, examine employee behaviour and discuss how pro-environmental behaviour can be fostered and encouraged, inspecting the impact for organisations.
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Chapter 12: Organisational and employee symbolic environmental behaviours: an integrated multi-level framework

Lei Yang, Danae Manika and Frances Bowen


Previous research shows that organisations and employees usually perform green practices and activities superficially. Those behaviours are decoupled from the true benefits on the environment and very often are symbolic in nature. Symbolic pro-environmental activities are suggested as the representations of pro-environmental behaviours in symbolic form or the symbolic meanings attributed to eco-friendly objects and actions. This chapter aims to establish an integrated multi-level framework with three dimensions: appropriateness, competitiveness and status, to explain drivers of symbolic pro-environmental behaviours at organisational and employee levels. Specifically, the competitiveness dimension includes two aspects: gain resources and differentiation.

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