Research Handbook on Employee Pro-Environmental Behaviour
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Research Handbook on Employee Pro-Environmental Behaviour

Edited by Victoria Wells, Diana Gregory-Smith and Danae Manika

This Research Handbook brings together leading academics of employee pro-environmental behaviour to highlight the key features and challenges of this growing field. The international contributors draw on studies from across the methodological spectrum, examine employee behaviour and discuss how pro-environmental behaviour can be fostered and encouraged, inspecting the impact for organisations.
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Chapter 13: Motivation towards “green” behaviour at the workplace: facilitating employee pro-environmental behaviour through participatory interventions

Paul C. Endrejat and Simone Kauffeld


This chapter argues that participatory interventions (PIs) are effective means for increasing employees’ pro-environmental behaviour (PEB). We rely on the Self-Determination Theory to accentuate that the fulfilment of the three basic psychological needs – autonomy, competence, and relatedness – is necessary before expecting employees to behave with volitional PEB. To provide guidelines of how PIs can be conducted within organisations, we illustrate a prototypical workshop process (detection, decision, implementation) to ensure PEB’s integration into work routines. Furthermore, we highlight the essential elements of a PI, such as (1) change agents’ sufficient facilitation skills of establishing an autonomy-supportive atmosphere, (2) the analysis of the perceived (dis-)advantages associated with PEB, and (3) documentation of agreed measures to establish PEB fostering norms. Finally, we discuss process evaluation and a stronger focus on employees’ characteristics as avenues for further research, and derive implications of how practitioners can enhance PEB by using PIs.

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