Chapter 3: Dealing with the inconsistency of studies in entrepreneurship education effectiveness: a systemic approach to drive future research
Drawing upon the systems perspective that was developed to understand the impact of training and development activities within organizational contexts, this chapter presents a systemic approach to the analysis of entrepreneurship education effectiveness. Five main theoretical assumptions are outlined to guide future research in entrepreneurship education: studies show that (1) the effects of a programme vary depending on trainees’ personal characteristics; (2) training strategies can have different impact on learning processes and results; (3) the environment and the social context are intervening variables that might foster or hinder training results; (4) according to the attribute-treatment interaction perspective, people interact with the contexts in which they are embedded giving rise to very different behavioural responses; (5) the impact should be conceived in terms of learning results and generalization processes once a training programme is completed. These assumptions help figure out new possible lines of research to enhance the current knowledge and are thought to encourage a scientific debate regarding the theoretical assumptions that are worth considering for assessing entrepreneurship education.
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