Edited by Sarah Biddulph and Joshua Rosenzweig
Chapter 26: Human rights in Taiwan: a thematic overview
The day of 15 June 2017 marks the 30th anniversary of the lifting of martial law in Taiwan. Three decades of popular democracy have converted Taiwan into an island nation where political freedoms are well respected and civil rights protected. This chapter addresses human rights conditions in today’s Taiwan. It begins with a brief review of the historical background, institutional mechanisms and political factors that shaped human rights in Taiwan. The second section introduces the emerging international review process adopted by the government and people of Taiwan, a unique and creative way to integrate Taiwan into the international human rights monitoring system. The third section addresses three outstanding contentions over the meanings and scope of human rights in today’s Taiwan: transitional justice, the basic rights of immigrants and foreign labor, and socio-legal equality for sexual minorities. In the conclusion, it examines what human rights progress in Taiwan means to China.
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