Handbook of Protest and Resistance in China
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Handbook of Protest and Resistance in China

Edited by Teresa Wright

Featuring contributions from top scholars and emerging stars in the field, the Handbook of Protest and Resistance in China captures the complexity of protest and dissent in contemporary China, while simultaneously exploring a number of unifying themes. Examining how, when, and why individuals and groups have engaged in contentious acts, and how the targets of their complaints have responded, the volume sheds light on the stability of China’s existing political system, and its likely future trajectory.
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Chapter 27: The environmental protest movement in Inner Mongolia

Uchralt Otede


Over the past two decades, China’s Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region has experienced fast economic growth and rapid industrialization. However, the environmental pollution that has resulted from these developments has posed a serious threat to the everyday life of Inner Mongolian herdsmen. In some regions, polluting industries have permanently destroyed grasslands and directly threatened the herdsmen’s health and livestock. In order to protect the grassland, a range of collective actions have been undertaken by grassroots groups made up of herdsmen and local village cadres as well as intellectuals, students, educated youth, and lawyers across China. Drawing on scholarly frameworks of “self-relief” and “rightful resistance,” this chapter describes and analyzes environmental resistance movements in Inner Mongolia. It argues that environmental protest movements there show strong similarities to other cases reported in Taiwan, Japan and mainland China. Thus, we should consider environmental protest movements in Inner Mongolia as an issue of environmental struggle, rather than an issue of ethnic conflict.

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