Edited by Felia Allum and Stan Gilmour
Chapter 13: Mexico: politics, cartels and violence
The academic literature on the development of organis_ed crime in Mexico tends to suggest a systemic state domination of the criminal organisations, followed by a neoliberal ‘retreat’ that would then lead to the current state of violence and chaos. On the contrary, the author of this chapteraims to present a sociological analysis of these criminal organisations in order to highlight their social, economic and political impact, as well as the crucial socio-political role played by the drug trade through their integration into the political system. This chapter analyses criminal organisations’ ties to local political personnel from a bottom-up perspective that allows us to understand their social integration, without presuming a retreat or a failure of the state. Through the redefinition of political intermediation regimes, criminal organisations do not provoke the disappearance of the state, rather they cause a radical revision of the modes of administration, coercion, political action and resource allocation.
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