Handbook of Organised Crime and Politics
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Handbook of Organised Crime and Politics

Edited by Felia Allum and Stan Gilmour

This multidisciplinary Handbook examines the interactions that develop between organised crime groups and politics across the globe. This exciting original collection highlights the difficulties involved in researching such relationships and shines a new light on how they evolve to become pervasive and destructive. This new Handbook brings together a unique group of international academics from sociology, criminology, political science, anthropology, European and international studies.
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Chapter 13: Mexico: politics, cartels and violence

Romain Le Cour Grandmaison

Abstract

The academic literature on the development of organis_ed crime in Mexico tends to suggest a systemic state domination of the criminal organisations, followed by a neoliberal ‘retreat’ that would then lead to the current state of violence and chaos. On the contrary, the author of this chapteraims to present a sociological analysis of these criminal organisations in order to highlight their social, economic and political impact, as well as the crucial socio-political role played by the drug trade through their integration into the political system. This chapter analyses criminal organisations’ ties to local political personnel from a bottom-up perspective that allows us to understand their social integration, without presuming a retreat or a failure of the state. Through the redefinition of political intermediation regimes, criminal organisations do not provoke the disappearance of the state, rather they cause a radical revision of the modes of administration, coercion, political action and resource allocation.

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