Edited by Felia Allum and Stan Gilmour
Chapter 17: Kenya: organised crime, political linkages and violence
On 6 March 2016, the Sunday Nation, one of the leading newspapers in Kenya reported ‘Country on risky path as poll violence embers are stoked’. The source of this reporting was the sudden surge in political and ethnically motivated conflicts, and the resurgence of criminal gangs in the country. This raised concerns on the country’s state of security with the approach of the General Election of August 2017. Organised criminal groups and political contests in the country have shaped up over the years, and especially after reintroduction of multi-party democracy in 1990. This chapter focuses on how politically inclined violence in Kenya has inhibited the much-needed democratisation of the political leadership, governance institutions and provision of public services. It concludes that weak political governance structures, especially political parties, led to excessive haemorrhage and the diversion of public resources from their intended use, to serve political interests.
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