Law Enforcement by EU Authorities
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Law Enforcement by EU Authorities

Implications for Political and Judicial Accountability

Edited by Miroslava Scholten and Michiel Luchtman

EU law and governance have faced a new development – the proliferation of EU enforcement authorities, which have grown in number over the last 15 years. These entities, either acting alone or together with national enforcement authorities, have been investigating and sanctioning private actors on their compliance with EU law. Law Enforcement by EU Authorities investigates whether the system of control (in terms of both judicial and political accountability) has evolved to support the new system of law enforcement in the EU.
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Chapter 5: Shared enforcement and accountability in the EU Aviation Safety Area: the case of the European Aviation Safety Agency

Florin Coman-Kund, Mikołaj Ratajczyk and Elmar Schmidt


This chapter investigates the direct shared enforcement of the EU civil aviation safety rules by focussing on the interplay between the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) and the National Aviation Authorities (NAAs) in France and Germany. While direct enforcement in the aviation safety area follows a subsidiarity logic, a truly shared enforcement system built upon the concept of joint oversight and enforcement is revealed, whereby EASA and NAAs cooperate closely. Conversely, accountability for direct enforcement is separated along EU and national lines, and is entrenched within the general system of political and judicial accountability of the EU and the Member States. Whereas, the lack of (specific) accountability mechanisms accounting for the ‘sharedness’ of enforcement in the EU aviation safety area seems problematic, potential accountability gaps could be compensated by existing alternative internal and external review instruments, and the quest for more accountability should be regarded cautiously.

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