Chapter 4: International and EU legal frameworks of aviation security
Restricted access

Chapter 4 stresses the intrinsic international nature of air transport and travel and the consequent need to implement a common legal framework. The legal initiatives related to aviation security started to emerge in the 1960s as an answer to the first wave of hijackings and were substantiated in the Tokyo Convention in 1963. Subsequent terrorist related hijackings led to the Hague and Montreal Conventions. The consequent regulations were changed in the decade following the tragic events of September 11, 2001 by enhancing the security protocols within the aircrafts and at the airports. Such measures should be commensurate with the risks and should take into account cost-benefit ratio analyses. The chapter then considers the EU regulations for aviation security since the September 11 events. A further section of the chapter discusses the passenger name records that started as a commercial initiative and were converted to a security protocol since 2004.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Access options

Get access to the full article by using one of the access options below.

Other access options

Redeem Token

Institutional Login

Log in with Open Athens, Shibboleth, or your institutional credentials

Login via Institutional Access

Personal login

Log in with your Elgar Online account

Login with you Elgar account