Edited by Katharyne Mitchell, Reece Jones and Jennifer L. Fluri
Chapter 10: Gendered circular migrations of Afghans: fleeing conflict and seeking opportunity
This chapter examines multiple and cyclical migration patterns by Afghans, focusing on gendered and corporeal experiences of displacement from the 1980s to the present. The authors first provide an historical overview of the different successive waves of political conflict and subsequent migration, followed by a focus on gendered refugee migration patterns in Iran and Pakistan. They discuss the circular migrations of Afghans as part of economic trade, and to and from the United States (US) since the US-led invasion and occupation of the country on October 7, 2001. The authors address critical geographies of migration by explicating the multiple embodied and gendered attributes of migration to and from conflict zones.
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