Edited by Katharyne Mitchell, Reece Jones and Jennifer L. Fluri
Chapter 13: From preventive to repressive: the changing use of development and humanitarianism to control migration
Efforts to use development as a tool to discourage migration arise from colonial era misunderstandings that migration results from underdevelopment. In fact, the opposite is true. Migration is a fundamental part of the development process. As people have more education and access to technology, they become more interested in the rest of the world and they have greater resources to support migration. Yet the use of development as a means of controlling migration is increasing, most obviously in Europe. This chapter draws on L—pez-Sala’s distinction made in 2015 between preventive, coercive and repressive forms of dissuasion. Development has long been used as a tool for preventive dissuasion. As the failure of this approach becomes more widely accepted the author argues that efforts have shifted to support more coercive or repressive attempts to control migration. This is bad for development, bad for the migrants concerned and likely to damage public support for the development industry.
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