Handbook on Critical Geographies of Migration
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Handbook on Critical Geographies of Migration

Edited by Katharyne Mitchell, Reece Jones and Jennifer L. Fluri

Border walls, shipwrecks in the Mediterranean, separated families at the border, island detention camps: migration is at the centre of contemporary political and academic debates. This ground-breaking Handbook offers an exciting and original analysis of critical research on themes such as these, drawing on cutting-edge theories from an interdisciplinary and international group of leading scholars. With a focus on spatial analysis and geographical context, this volume highlights a range of theoretical, methodological and regional approaches to migration research, while remaining attuned to the underlying politics that bring critical scholars together.
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Chapter 19: Carceral mobility and flexible territoriality in immigration enforcement

Lauren Martin

Abstract

In this chapter, the author traces the growing linkages between criminal justice and immigration enforcement systems in the United States, forced mobility between detention centers, alternative to detention, and externalization. Taken together, these practices show how detention is linked up with other spatial practices to ‘widen the net’ of detention and deportation in the United States. In addition, the institutional and infrastructural connections between criminal and immigration procedures show not only how they increasingly work together, but also how enforcement policy uses criminal procedures to produce detainable and deportable subjects. Detention is not a singular spatial practice of enclosure, but is embedded in broader networks of discipline mobility, legal practices, and criminalization that combine a range of spatial strategies to control human mobility. These different spatial practices of migration control demonstrate the ‘flexible territoriality’ of immigration policing.

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