The International Legal Dimension
Edited by Günther Handl and Kristoffer Svendsen
Chapter 5: Managing environmental risks through the terms of maritime delimitation and related agreements
This chapter examines the extent to which adjacent and opposite coastal States address the risk of accidents in the negotiation and conclusion of maritime delimitation agreements and related agreements such as framework agreements for transboundary oil and gas resources and joint development agreements (JDAs). Most delimitation agreements do not refer to the risk of accidents. Others refer generally to the duty to cooperate with respect to environmental protection while a small number specifically address the risk of pollution. International unitization agreements are principally concerned with technical oil and gas issues rather than environmental concerns although they do frequently provide for consultations with a view to agreeing on uniform safety and construction standards, as well as a rudimentary provision dealing with pollution. The same is largely true of framework agreements. By contrast, at least some JDAs address environmental risks in a comprehensive manner.
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