Handbook of Cultural Security
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Handbook of Cultural Security

Edited by Yasushi Watanabe

This Handbook aims to heighten our awareness of the unique and delicate interplay between ‘Culture’ and ‘Society’ in the age of globalization. With particular emphasis on the role of culture in the field of “non-traditional” security, and seeking to define what ‘being secure’ means in different contexts, this Handbook explores the emerging concept of cultural security, providing a platform for future debates in both academic and policy fields.
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Chapter 7: Cultural security and Pentecostalism in the Global South

Seung Jin Son and Allan H. Anderson


The religious enthusiasm that is found in Pentecostal and Charismatic forms of Christianity is a result of spiritual and cultural insecurity. As most Pentecostals tend to focus on evangelism, through which they believe they can bring souls to Christ, the Pentecostal church might not appear to be as interested in providing the humanitarian support that will sustain people through their social, cultural, financial and emotional needs. In fact, however, in many places in the Global South, Pentecostal churches have provided spiritual and cultural security, in which their members can meet a God who protects them, and they can attain cultural resources for their survival in the world. Case studies from South Africa and Honduras are illustrative of this principle. It is possible to understand conversion to Pentecostalism in relation to cultural security, as conversion is an action seeking refuge from an insecure world.

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