Handbook of Cultural Security
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Handbook of Cultural Security

Edited by Yasushi Watanabe

This Handbook aims to heighten our awareness of the unique and delicate interplay between ‘Culture’ and ‘Society’ in the age of globalization. With particular emphasis on the role of culture in the field of “non-traditional” security, and seeking to define what ‘being secure’ means in different contexts, this Handbook explores the emerging concept of cultural security, providing a platform for future debates in both academic and policy fields.
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Chapter 16: Indian diaspora as an instrument of India’s soft power

Amba Pande and Sanjay Kumar Pandey


The diaspora as an instrument of state power can be used as hard power, soft power, or an agent of soft power to pursue hard power. As soft power, diaspora plays an important role, especially in the case of India, which has the largest diaspora population in the world. Nevertheless, the Indian diaspora is an extremely heterogeneous group with equally heterogeneous identities and forms of affiliation with India. Hence the soft power role of the different categories of diaspora too have been different. The highly skilled elite Indian diaspora in the Western countries, no doubt, has been instrumental in giving a new aura to India and its people by proving their scientific and professional calibre; the indentured diaspora has been mainly responsible for the geographical spread of Indian culture. They have also proved their potential by playing major political and economic roles in the countries of their adoption. This chapter is an attempt to explore the soft power role of various groups and categories of people within Indian diaspora, and India’s response to them. The chapter also gives an overview of the Indian diaspora and traces the evolution of India’s diaspora policy.

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