Handbook of Cultural Security
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Handbook of Cultural Security

Edited by Yasushi Watanabe

This Handbook aims to heighten our awareness of the unique and delicate interplay between ‘Culture’ and ‘Society’ in the age of globalization. With particular emphasis on the role of culture in the field of “non-traditional” security, and seeking to define what ‘being secure’ means in different contexts, this Handbook explores the emerging concept of cultural security, providing a platform for future debates in both academic and policy fields.
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Chapter 21: Safeguarding creativity: an artistic biotope and its institutional insecurities in a global market orientated Europe

Pascal Gielen


This chapter outlines an artistic biotope on the basis of theoretical and empirical cultural-sociological research. The biotope is an ideal-typical abstraction of four domains, derived from in-depth interviews, panel discussions and surveys within creative professions from various disciplines (architecture, visual art, dance, theatre, film). In order to build a long-term artistic career, it turns out that one needs to achieve a balance between four domains within the biotope: the domestic domain, that of one’s peers, the market and the civil domain. This chapter traces how these domains were and are institutionally protected, mostly on a national level. During the twentieth century, this institutional security was transformed under the influence of artistic, economic and political globalization, which has put pressure on the balance within the artistic biotope. For Europe, this evolution was reinforced by a European Union policy that takes the global free market logic as its primary base to construct a unified ‘monotopic’ identity. Relying on still ongoing empirical research, hypotheses are formulated, as tentative conclusions, about new collective organizational forms _ the so-called institutions of the commons _ which in future may help to restore the balance within the biotope, and which could at the same time help the European Union to construct a more open and heterotopic identity.

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