Edited by Stephan Feuchtwang
Chapter 19: Chinese Catholicism
The anti-modern theology of the Catholic Church predominated in China, and conversions of whole lineage-based communities in rural China and more recently of whole families in urban China, with their own ancestral transmission and rituals, seal and conserve Chinese Catholics from the republican and particularly the Communist regimes, causing tension within the Patriotic Catholic association. As many communities are outside that association, often as underground churches. The reforms of the Second Vatican Council only became known to Chinese Catholics after 1978. Since then, urban and rural, registered and unregistered communities, churches and their bishops have become more reconciled through the quiet diplomacy of the Vatican. In the meantime the Catholic Church in Hong Kong, more cosmopolitan and open to the Vatican, thrives; in Taiwan less so, even though it is recognized as a state by the Vatican. The Hong Kong Church acts as a bridge to the People’s Republic of China (PRC).
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