Edited by David Martin Jones, Paul Schulte, Carl Ungerer and M. L.R. Smith
This chapter examines how an academically fashionable, critical international relations, or critical security theory, has come to influence the understanding of religiously motivated violence. This theory not only rejects the notion that Islamist ideology plays a major role in home-grown militancy, it further argues that violent resistance by non-state actors is the inevitable consequence of a post-Cold War, state-based and US-imposed ‘violent peace’. The intellectual current that prevails in contemporary British and Australian social science, deconstructs liberal self-understanding, and promotes a histrionic empathy with a misunderstood ‘Other.’ This chapter examines how this critical understanding of national security evolved over the last decade to reinforce an emerging academic consensus concerning the phenomenon of home-grown radicalization, and what its implications may have been both for containing the threat exemplified by the recruitment of diasporic Muslims to the conflict in Syria and the subsequent return of foreign fighters to the West.
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