Handbook of Terrorism and Counter Terrorism Post 9/11
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Handbook of Terrorism and Counter Terrorism Post 9/11

Edited by David Martin Jones, Paul Schulte, Carl Ungerer and M. L.R. Smith

Almost two decades after the events of 9/11, this Handbook offers a comprehensive insight into the evolution and development of terrorism and insurgency since then. Gathering contributions from a broad range of perspectives, it both identifies new technological developments in terrorism and insurgency, and addresses the distinct state responses to the threat of political, or religiously motivated violence; not only in the Middle East and Europe, but also in Africa, South and Southeast Asia, and North and South America.
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Chapter 23: Jihadism and post-9/11 Europe: the Italian case

Michele Groppi


This chapter looks comparatively at the Italian experience of religiously motivated terrorism post-9/11. Avoiding alarmism and unfair generalization, the chapter argues that the Italian experience does not differ substantially from other European realities. Despite the lack of large-scale attacks, the country still features multifaceted and decennial jihadist activity in tune with the global jihadist movement. As such, this chapter evaluates Italy’s experience with jihadism, featuring sections on manifestations of non-violent Islamist radicalization; jihadist activity on Italian soil, with a particular focus on funds, arms, terrorist connections, martyrs and thwarted plots; Italy’s relevance to ISIS; links between jihadism and migration flows; Italian threat perception and risk assessment of jihadist terrorism; threat trajectory and potential prospects of instability.

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