Edited by David Martin Jones, Paul Schulte, Carl Ungerer and M. L.R. Smith
Chapter 23: Jihadism and post-9/11 Europe: the Italian case
This chapter looks comparatively at the Italian experience of religiously motivated terrorism post-9/11. Avoiding alarmism and unfair generalization, the chapter argues that the Italian experience does not differ substantially from other European realities. Despite the lack of large-scale attacks, the country still features multifaceted and decennial jihadist activity in tune with the global jihadist movement. As such, this chapter evaluates Italy’s experience with jihadism, featuring sections on manifestations of non-violent Islamist radicalization; jihadist activity on Italian soil, with a particular focus on funds, arms, terrorist connections, martyrs and thwarted plots; Italy’s relevance to ISIS; links between jihadism and migration flows; Italian threat perception and risk assessment of jihadist terrorism; threat trajectory and potential prospects of instability.
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