Handbook of Terrorism and Counter Terrorism Post 9/11
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Handbook of Terrorism and Counter Terrorism Post 9/11

Edited by David Martin Jones, Paul Schulte, Carl Ungerer and M. L.R. Smith

Almost two decades after the events of 9/11, this Handbook offers a comprehensive insight into the evolution and development of terrorism and insurgency since then. Gathering contributions from a broad range of perspectives, it both identifies new technological developments in terrorism and insurgency, and addresses the distinct state responses to the threat of political, or religiously motivated violence; not only in the Middle East and Europe, but also in Africa, South and Southeast Asia, and North and South America.
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Chapter 30: Terrorism and insurgency in post-9/11 Latin America

Markus-Michael Müller


As a result of political miscalculations by insurgents and effective state repression – often with the support of external actors such as the US, Argentina or Chile – most Cold War insurgencies in Latin America were defeated. However, when from the mid-1980s onwards, and in particular after the end of the Cold War, military dictatorships fell, and the region democratized and returned to civilian rule, several insurgent groups persisted. This scenario in which ‘veteran”’ Cold War insurgents, capable of ‘holding out,’ were the dominant form of insurgent groups operating in post-Cold War Latin America was substantially transformed by the events of 9/11. The assessment of this transformation stands at the center of this chapter, which will analyze Latin America’s contemporary insurgency and terrorism landscape. Particularly, the new transnational quality and criminal dimension of the region’s post-9/11 insurgency/terrorism landscape as both a policy invention and political reality will be assessed.

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