Defining Landscape Democracy
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Defining Landscape Democracy

A Path to Spatial Justice

Edited by Shelley Egoz, Karsten Jørgensen and Deni Ruggeri

This stimulating book explores theories, conceptual frameworks, and cultural approaches with the purpose of uncovering a cross-cultural understanding of landscape democracy, a concept at the intersection of landscape, democracy and spatial justice. The authors of Defining Landscape Democracy address a number of questions that are critical to the contemporary discourse on the right to landscape: Why is democracy relevant to landscape? How do we democratise landscape? How might we achieve landscape and spatial justice?
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Chapter 14: Rural landscape governance and expertise: on landscape agents and democracy

Jørgen Primdahl, Lone Søderkvist Kristensen, Finn Arler, Per Angelstam, Andreas Aagaard Christensen and Marine Elbakidze


Landscapes are maintained and changed through combinations of actions and decisions which in turn are based on what Hägerstrand has termed territorial competences. Today these competences are primarily linked to individual landowners and users; in modern rural landscapes these are first of all the farmers. Farmers’ landscape practices are to a large extent guided and framed by public policy interventions of various kinds, representing spatial competences in Hägerstrand’s terminology. These interventions are influenced by various kinds of expert knowledge together with common public perceptions and conventions. The aim of this chapter is to analyse the various roles of experts in guiding landscape practices, with a specific focus on the changing relationships between territorial and spatial competences. We present a conceptual framework for analysing the role of experts and expertise in relation to both public policy interventions, individual and collective landscape practices.

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