A Research Agenda for Global Crime
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A Research Agenda for Global Crime

Edited by Tim Hall and Vincenzo Scalia

This multidisciplinary collection of essays by leading international scholars explores many pressing issues related to global crime. The book opens with essays that look across this diverse terrain and then moves on to consider specific areas including organised crime, cyber-crime, war-crimes, terrorism, state and private violence, riots and political protest, prisons, sport and crime and counterfeit goods. The book emphasises the centrality of crime to the contemporary global world and mobilises diverse disciplinary positions to help understand and address this.
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Chapter 6: Environmental crimes: controversies and perspectives

Rosalba Altopiedi

Abstract

Dealing with environmental crimes means facing some intricate and controversial issues: the problem of definition, the multiple dimensions causing environmental harm and the complex estimate of its extent. In his classic contribution to criminology, Sutherland (1949) suggested expanding the study of criminology beyond the legal definition of crime in order to include any action or omission that produces social harm. His call was heeded by a generation of scholars with different theoretical and methodological backgrounds. In this chapter we analyse the most important theoretical approaches which draw upon Sutherland's insight, in particular we will focus on how environmental harm is conceptualized within different theoretical and empirical perspectives. Furthermore, we will pay particular attention to the construction of environmental victimization as a social process involving structural and micro dimensions to define whom, or indeed what, is an environmental victim and the different victims’ responses.

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