An Essential Companion
Edited by Kolja Raube, Meltem Müftüler-Baç and Jan Wouters
Chapter 5: Rationales of inter-parliamentary cooperation in European security politics: from the Inter-Parliamentary Union to the IPC-CFSP
The rise of international parliamentarism is usually attributed to the requirements of ensuring democratic control in the face of increasing internationalization. This chapter, however, argues that this democratic rationale is a rather recent one. In fact, it was a polemological rationale – i.e. the idea that inter-parliamentary cooperation would help overcome conflict and war among states – that was midwife to international parliamentarism in the first place. After introducing the polemological and democratic rationales of international parliamentarism, the chapter focuses on the case of security cooperation in Europe because this region has a particularly long and rich history of inter-parliamentary cooperation. The two logics do conflict when it comes to the inclusion or exclusion of MPs from non-member states. Whereas the polemological rationale suggests inclusion in order to foster communication and interaction between MPs from various sides of a conflict, the democratic rationale prioritizes interaction amongst members over outreach to non-members.
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