Research Handbook on the European Union and International Organizations
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Research Handbook on the European Union and International Organizations

Edited by Ramses A. Wessel and Jed Odermatt

Over the years, the European Union has developed relationships with other international institutions, mainly as a result of its increasingly active role as a global actor and the transfer of competences from the Member States to the EU. This book presents a comprehensive and critical assessment of the EU’s engagement with other international institutions, examining both the EU’s representation and cooperation as well as the influence of these bodies on the development of EU law and policy.
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Chapter 30: The EU and Africa

Anna-Luise Chané and Magnus Killander

Abstract

EU-Africa relations have undergone a remarkable transformation over the past 60 years, from the colonial era to a ‘partnership of equals’. As African states gained independence, the EU developed a number of different frameworks for its trade, aid and, later, political cooperation with African partners, resulting in the fragmentation of EU-Africa relations. The adoption of the JAES in 2007, however, has laid the foundation for a strategic partnership between both continents, complementing and adding value to the existing frameworks. Despite significant progress made in terms of regional integration and cooperation, challenges remain. This paper sketches EU-Africa interregional relations, starting with a brief history of EU-Africa relations and an overview of the different regional integration frameworks in Africa. It maps the legal and institutional framework of the EU’s cooperation with the AU and the different Regional Economic Communities and examines the policy framework of the strategic partnership. Subsequently the tools for cooperation are examined, with a focus on political dialogue, trade and investment and financing, before the chapter concludes with an analysis of the opportunities and challenges of EU–Africa cooperation.

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