Gender, Science and Innovation
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Gender, Science and Innovation

New Perspectives

Edited by Helen Lawton Smith, Colette Henry, Henry Etzkowitz and Alexandra Poulovassilis

Gender, Science and Innovation explores the contemporary challenges facing women scientists in academia and develops effective strategies to improve gender equality. Addressing an important gap in current knowledge, chapters offer a range of international perspectives from diverse contexts, countries and institutional settings. This book is an essential contribution to the literature for academics, researchers and policy makers concerned with improving gender equality in academia and seeking to learn from the experiences of others.
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Chapter 4: The National Science Foundation’s ADVANCE programme: issues for senior compared to junior academic women scientists

Sue Rosser


The United States National Science Foundation’s cross-directorate ADVANCE programme launched in 2001 was a national effort towards encouraging academic institutions to transform and to evolve policies and practices to facilitate careers for women scientists and engineers. By 2018, more than $297 million had been given to more than 179 institutions to encourage this effort. A major theme of ADVANCE centred on advancing women to senior leadership positions. Many of the institutional changes funded emphasize issues that are particularly significant for junior women. The focus on junior women remains critical, since if institutions do not evolve policies to attract and retain women, especially in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM), there will be no issues for senior women, because there will be few or no senior women. Attention needs to be given to the environment for senior women who represent a group of successful scientists who have made significant contributions to STEM and the broader profession.

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