The Reform of Network Industries
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The Reform of Network Industries

Evaluating Privatisation, Regulation and Liberalisation in the EU

Edited by Massimo Florio

Network industries such as electricity, gas, rail, local public transport, telecommunications and postal services are recognised by the EU as crucial for fostering European social and territorial cohesion. Providing an overview of key policy reforms in these industries and an empirical evaluation, this thought-provoking book offers a critical perspective on the functioning of the networks that provide vital services to EU citizens.
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Chapter 3: Market reforms, governance and performance: lessons learned from the experience in the EU energy industries

Steve Thomas and Stefano Clò

Abstract

This chapter analyzes how the European energy industry has been reformed in the last decades. We describe the structure of the industry prior to and after its reform; the nature of the four businesses; the progress in creating a competitive generation and retail markets; the change in ownership and corporate governance of the incumbent companies; and how they have responded to market reforms. We finally discuss the impact of these reforms on market performance, prices and social well-being in general.

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