Handbook on Transport and Urban Transformation in China
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Handbook on Transport and Urban Transformation in China

Edited by Chia-Lin Chen, Haixiao Pan, Qing Shen and James J. Wang

Since 1978, when China embarked on a new period of economic reforms and introduced open door policies, it has experienced a great urban transformation. The role of transport has proved indispensable in this unprecedented rapid urbanisation and economic growth. As the first research-focused book dedicated to this important topic, the Handbook on Transport and Urban Transformation in China offers new insight into the various opportunities and challenges brought by fast-paced motorization and urban development, and explores them in broad spatial-economic, environmental, social, and institutional dimensions.
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Chapter 2: Port-city development in China

James Jixian Wang

Abstract

This chapter discusses the port-city interplays in China since the Economic Reforms in 1978, with the emphasis on recent changes which are exemplified by three cases, namely, Ningbo, Xiamen and Nanjing. The selection of these three is based on the author’s latest on-site investigations. As the physical containment of the 40-year reforms from a closed command economy to the world’s largest trade-dependent economy, Chinese port cities have grown up rapidly with fast industrialization, ever-growing trade and urbanization. Although in some cases, such as Ningbo, where the port was moved away from the city core and the new port district has turned into a new city itself, cities such as Xiamen have witnessed port activities staying at the city core, bringing huge disturbances by its traffic and air pollution. A third way of evolution of port-city dynamics is presented in the case of Nanjing, where the high hope of becoming a quasi-seaport has been brought by the central government through deep dragging of Yangtze bursts, due largely to the development of downstream ports as well as the city’s own urbanization needs.

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