Handbook on Transport and Urban Transformation in China
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Handbook on Transport and Urban Transformation in China

Edited by Chia-Lin Chen, Haixiao Pan, Qing Shen and James J. Wang

Since 1978, when China embarked on a new period of economic reforms and introduced open door policies, it has experienced a great urban transformation. The role of transport has proved indispensable in this unprecedented rapid urbanisation and economic growth. As the first research-focused book dedicated to this important topic, the Handbook on Transport and Urban Transformation in China offers new insight into the various opportunities and challenges brought by fast-paced motorization and urban development, and explores them in broad spatial-economic, environmental, social, and institutional dimensions.
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Chapter 7: A Chinese approach to “transit oriented development” (TOD)

Ming Zhang


The past two decades saw booming development of mass rapid transit in China. Chinese cities invest in mass rapid transit aiming to achieve the dual purposes of providing mobility and guiding growth. With a strong planning tradition, China has accumulated a unique experience in developing around transit. Challenges exist as well to the implementation of good plans for transit-land development integration. This chapter presents a Chinese approach to Transit Oriented Development (TOD), namely Transit Integrated Development (TID). The chapter consists of five parts. First, we describe various types and characteristics of mass transit technologies adapted in Chinese cities. Next we highlight the national and local policy and market environment that sets the essential context for TOD/TID. We then introduce a qualitative model highlighting the key features of Chinese TID. We also discuss challenges facing Chinese cities for implementing TID. The chapter ends with concluding remarks.

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