Edited by Chia-Lin Chen, Haixiao Pan, Qing Shen and James J. Wang
Chapter 7: A Chinese approach to “transit oriented development” (TOD)
The past two decades saw booming development of mass rapid transit in China. Chinese cities invest in mass rapid transit aiming to achieve the dual purposes of providing mobility and guiding growth. With a strong planning tradition, China has accumulated a unique experience in developing around transit. Challenges exist as well to the implementation of good plans for transit-land development integration. This chapter presents a Chinese approach to Transit Oriented Development (TOD), namely Transit Integrated Development (TID). The chapter consists of five parts. First, we describe various types and characteristics of mass transit technologies adapted in Chinese cities. Next we highlight the national and local policy and market environment that sets the essential context for TOD/TID. We then introduce a qualitative model highlighting the key features of Chinese TID. We also discuss challenges facing Chinese cities for implementing TID. The chapter ends with concluding remarks.
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