Handbook on Transport and Urban Transformation in China
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Handbook on Transport and Urban Transformation in China

Edited by Chia-Lin Chen, Haixiao Pan, Qing Shen and James J. Wang

Since 1978, when China embarked on a new period of economic reforms and introduced open door policies, it has experienced a great urban transformation. The role of transport has proved indispensable in this unprecedented rapid urbanisation and economic growth. As the first research-focused book dedicated to this important topic, the Handbook on Transport and Urban Transformation in China offers new insight into the various opportunities and challenges brought by fast-paced motorization and urban development, and explores them in broad spatial-economic, environmental, social, and institutional dimensions.
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Chapter 13: The rise of online ride-hailing services and their impact on urban transport in China

Shaoqing Huang

Abstract

The emergence of online ride-hailing services (ORS) in the taxicab industry has greatly changed the mode of travel for urban residents worldwide. China is one of the earliest countries that used ORS, and also the first country to legislate on this new business mode. This chapter introduces the development process and business mode of ORS in China. Based on a theoretical model, this chapter analyses the possible impact of ORS on urban traffic congestion, and provides empirical data from some major cities. Furthermore, this chapter introduces the legal framework of ORS regulation issued by the Chinese central government in 2016 and the implementation of regulation in major cities. Finally, it is believed that government regulation aimed at maintaining a competitive market structure, ensuring smooth urban traffic and safe travel will be conducive to the further development of ORS in China.

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