Handbook on Transport and Urban Transformation in China
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Handbook on Transport and Urban Transformation in China

Edited by Chia-Lin Chen, Haixiao Pan, Qing Shen and James J. Wang

Since 1978, when China embarked on a new period of economic reforms and introduced open door policies, it has experienced a great urban transformation. The role of transport has proved indispensable in this unprecedented rapid urbanisation and economic growth. As the first research-focused book dedicated to this important topic, the Handbook on Transport and Urban Transformation in China offers new insight into the various opportunities and challenges brought by fast-paced motorization and urban development, and explores them in broad spatial-economic, environmental, social, and institutional dimensions.
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Chapter 16: Impact of individuals’ commuting trips on satisfaction and subjective well-being: evidence from Xi’an, China

Runing Ye and Helena Titheridge

Abstract

Transportation as an important component for urban sustainability has been well recognized. Individual and societal well-being are critical indicators of social sustainability. However, little attention, from both a research and policy perspective, has been paid to the impacts of transportation on well-being. With extensive urban expansion resulting from rapid urbanization, commuting has become a physical and mental burden for residents in the megacities of China because of increasing travel distances and worsening travel experiences. This chapter aims to contribute to the growing literature on the relationship between transportation and well-being and also to quantitatively test this relationship by using data from a survey conducted in Xi-an, China. The results from a structural equation modeling analysis suggest that travel characteristics, including travel mode choice and level of service, significantly influence commuting satisfaction, and in turn affect overall satisfaction of life. These findings highlight the importance of transportation-related strategies on improving well-being.

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