Edited by Chia-Lin Chen, Haixiao Pan, Qing Shen and James J. Wang
Chapter 22: Challenges to transnational learning: a comparative study of Jinan and Kunming, China
Many Chinese cities seek solutions from abroad to address their urban transportation problems. In response, international organizations, consulting firms, and experts arrive ready to provide them with international best practices. These best practices often require multidisciplinary approaches. This chapter looks at the challenges of transnational learning in two second-tier Chinese cities: Kunming, provincial capital of Yunnan and Jinan, provincial capital of Shandong. Findings suggest that international organizations need to act as bridges to support better transnational learning in China. In both Kunming and Jinan, the international organizations brought multi-disciplinary approaches to transportation planning organizations, in contrast with traditional transportation planning done in siloes. Their impacts differed. For example, in Kunming, cross-sector approaches to transportation planning continue today as the modus operandi. In Jinan, planners never fully adopted this approach. Differing from previous research, these cases provide new insight into the role policy transfer agents play once the policy has landed.
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