Edited by Louis-Philippe Rochon and Hassan Bougrine
Chapter 9: Endogenous money, liquidity preference and confidence: for a qualitativetheory of money
Money is an institution that can only function when it perfectly manages the relationship between sovereignty and confidence. The foundation of this monetary relationship can focus on two directions: either a top-down process based on sovereignty so as to justify public confidence in the money; or a bottom-up process starting from building confidence through coordination and learning among individuals to explain the organization of a sovereign monetary authority. Starting from the three hierarchical levels of confidence (methodical, hierarchical and ethical) highlighted by Michel Aglietta and André Orléan (2002), the first process emphasizes the importance of a sovereign political power as the foundation of confidence and multiplies the rules and norms necessary for methodical confidence, while being a guarantor of the social values in the monetary compromise issuing from ethical confidence. The monetary order is based on the exercise of hierarchical political power from top to bottom. Money thus becomes a ‘total social fact’ (Simmel quoted in Aglietta, 2008, p. 4).
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